Does the body have its original patina or has it been repainted or restored by a curator? [6] Between approximately 1860 and 1890 most bisque dolls were fashion dolls, made to represent grown up women. Dolls with glass eyes: The descriptive terms "fixed eyes" and “stationery eyes” describe factory set eyes. All Bisque. Generally, manufacturers of antique bisque doll heads, impressed the molds on the back of the neck with identifying information such as the company's logo, country of origin, siz, etc. But prices vary widely depending on the quality and condition of the doll. Another branch of bisque doll making that also emerged during the 1940s in the USA was "artists dolls" which were original creatively designed and moulded dolls that were not copies of 19th century or early 20th century dolls, or cast from earlier dolls. Dolls of the World Bisque Thimble Collection This post is for a complete set of 12 thimbles made of porcelain bisque (meaning they are fired once). The condition and style of the doll's clothing can add or subtract from the value of the doll as well. [1], When producing a bisque doll, ceramic raw materials are shaped in a mold and fired at more than 1,260 °C (2,300 °F). For a dome head, the opening is at the bottom of the head, which is not always accessible. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Antique German and French bisque dolls from the 19th century were often made as children's playthings, but contemporary bisque dolls are predominantly made directly for the collectors … A popular use for bisque porcelain was the manufacture of bisque dolls in the 19th century. Dolls that are painted with more skill and have detailed features are valued higher. [1] The bisque head is attached to a body made of cloth or leather, or a jointed body made of wood, papier-mâché or composition, a mix of pulp, sawdust, glue and similar materials. Find out more with MyAnimeList, the world's most active online anime and manga community and database. Wigs are made from mohair, hair, fur and more currently, synthetic materials, adhered to a pate with water soluble glue. Preferable qualities of the bisque include a slight translucency without spots or holes. ... meaning … 2. Examine the mouth, teeth, and lips, and look for any signs of deterioration or restoration. [2] In response, the French doll makers began making dolls as a consortium under the name Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés et Jouets (S.F.B.J.) The head is painted more than once to create skin tones and facial characteristics, and then fired again after each layer. Sometimes, on German and French dolls, the manufacturer will mark the body with stamps or incised marks. [2] In the Passage Choiseul area of Paris an industry grew around making clothing and accessories for the dolls. Bisque dolls are characterized by their realistic, skin-like matte finish. Light, fragile and beautiful. The value of a bisque doll is determined by the quality of the bisque head. While examining the head, examine glass eyes for any chips or hairlines. ‘bisque figurines’ ‘After bisque firing to cone 06, students use underglazes to color their planters.’ ‘After the bisque firing, I painted liquid iron oxide on them and washed it off with a sponge (rubber gloves are a must!) Hailed by American dollmaking companies as unbreakable compared to bisque (also often called porcelain) dolls, the novelty of the new material for doll heads, coupled with World War I, helped to bring down the once-mighty German dollmaking industry, and helped to make America the premier dollmaking country of the early-to-mid 20th Century. A popular use for bisque porcelain was the manufacture of bisque dolls in the 19th century. Reproduction bisque doll making grew slowly as a hobby in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, expanding greatly during the 1970s and by about c. 1980 spreading to Europe, Great Britain and Australia, via companies retailing moulds and supplies such as Seeley's and Wandke, which ran large scale networks of classes and seminars. Bisque dolls have been a collectors item for well over a century. [2] Like the earlier fashion dolls, they were made for children and dressed in contemporary children's clothing. [2][7], Bisque was the most common material for European doll heads until after the turn of the 20th century, when composition (or composite) gained favor. Note also the condition of the eye wax and the lashes if any. The head is bisque — meaning the porcelain was fired only once and does not have a shiny glaze on it. Is it in good condition? In the case of bisque figurines of children, people in Victorian dress, shepherds and shepherdesses etc., these were made in their thousands in England and Germany mainly, during the late 19th century and the early part of the 20th century. The value of a bisque dollis determined by the quality of the bisque head. Get the best deals on Wooden Antique German Bisque Dolls when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. But collectors, when referring to antique dolls, make a distinction between china dolls, made of glazed porcelain, and bisque dolls, made of unglazed porcelain. When referring to contemporary dolls the terms porcelain and bisque are sometimes used interchangeably. bisque doll ( plural bisque dolls ) A doll made partially or wholly out of bisque porcelain . Antique dolls are works of art, and collecting can be an aesthetic and valuable hobby. Doll Terminology By Laurie McGill The following is a list of frequently used doll terms, based in part on the Glossary, published by the United Federation of Doll Clubs in 1978, and Jan Foulke's 12th Blue Book of Dolls & Values, published by Hobby House Press, Inc. All-Bisque: a miniature doll, typically under 12 inches, made entirely of bisque. [10], "Porcelain doll" redirects here. [7] Unmarked dolls that can't be identified as coming from a specific manufacturer also fetch lower prices, but there are many exceptions. [2], Small lower-priced all-bisque dolls known as penny dolls were common from the late 19th century to the 1930s. [2][9] Among the French Bébés early dolls from Jumeau and Bru generally go for several thousand dollars, while later S.F.B.J dolls may be worth only a few hundred. 1942, Emily Carr, The Book of Small, "Ways of Getting Round," [1] Next Christmas she sent us bisque dolls, very lovely but too breakable to hug; we could not even kiss them but they cracked. Is it original to the doll? Go to next slide - Shop by Category. If the eyes that are on a rocker have been plastered in place, the doll is described as: "originally had sleeping eyes, which have been re-plastered (or reset) and no longer sleep.". *Disclosure: Some of the links above are affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, Fandom will earn a commission if you click through and make a purchase. German Bisque from Old Molds. The temperature of bisque firing is usually at least 1000°C, although higher … [2], French and German bisque dolls began taking over the market after 1860, and their production continued after World War I. See more. [2] Many came from the Thuringen region, which has natural deposits of the clay used to make the dolls. Bisque dolls are collectible, and antique dolls can be worth thousands of dollars. n. 1. a. Other materials that the body of these dolls are often made from include composition (sawdust, wood, … A number of old molds were put back in production making new pieces that include original pre-1940 marks. To see the marks and to identify the doll, gently lift the hair up at the back of the neck to expose the mark. To gain access to the inside of the head, remove the top pate/wig and insert soft packing that will be removed once it arrives at its destination. Shop by Category. Kestner Dolls. but these later French Bébés were often of lesser quality. The porous nature of bisque earthenware means that it readily absorbs water, while vitreous ware and bone china are almost non-porous even without glazing. China Dolls and Bisque Dolls. If it feels hard and cold, this means that it's made of porcelain or bisque. The doll isn't fully examined until the bisque is examined from the inside with a light test. [1] Production of composition dolls was strong in the United States. The cool, smooth skin along with the artistic painting gave the dolls a very realistic look that still attracts doll … [1][7] A few German manufacturers like Kestner also made more detailed dolls entirely of bisque with articulated necks, arms, or legs. If tIhe doll's eyes have been re-plastered and no longer sleep, collectors can restore the eyes if the weight is intact, and that's a plus. There is a difference between bisque dolls and porcelain dolls. While almost all feature beautifully painted heads, arms, and legs, porcelain is glazed whereas bisque is not. See more ideas about frozen charlotte, dolls, doll painting. The condition of the body contributes to the value of the doll as well. The most expensive bisque doll ever sold went for GBP £242,500[8] (an art character doll made by Kämmer & Reinhardt). Mark (body stamp): Bébé Jumeau Diplome d' Honneur, Made in France Doll length, 19 inches; composition, ball-jointed body. Sleep eyes are mounted on a rocker mechanism which has a pendulum action. Go to previous slide - Shop by Category. Some dolls are more collectible and more valuable, depending on the market and the manufacturer. [7] Carl Horn all bisque dolls are an exception, fetching upwards of $150 a piece for a 1" tall all-bisque doll. The doll's value is cut in half if there is a crack in the bisque. The related term, biscuit, refers to pottery that has been fired but not yet glazed. How to say bisque. [1] Antique German and French bisque dolls from the 19th century were often made as children's playthings, but contemporary bisque dolls are predominantly made directly for the collectors market. When the buyer receives the doll, the packing material must be delicately removed and the pate/wig re-glued with a water-soluble glue. Each hand-painted thimble was patterned after an antique doll from one of 12 nations They represent Africa, England, France, Holland, India, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Norway, Russia, Spain and the US. From around 1840 to 1880, china was used to make doll heads, hands, and feet. A bisque doll or porcelain doll is a doll made partially or wholly out of bisque or biscuit porcelain. A rich, creamy soup made from meat, fish, or shellfish. [1][4] Doll bodies are only rarely made entirely of bisque because of its fragility and weight. b. This is the fun part. ABJD - Asian Ball Jointed Doll abbreviation Action Figure - jointed posable male character doll for boys . Antique bisque porcelain dolls were manufactured in the mid-1800's through the early 1930's. The second firing of the painted doll was usually not done which is why so many have worn paint from play. To remove the wig, dab wet cotton swabs at the base of the wig to soften the glue, gradually soaking the glue, pealing the wig back from the base of the neck, dabbing a little water, step-by-step, careful not to drench the wig (mohair wigs are particularly fragile). Mass-produced porcelain dolls can still be found around the world in bargain stores retailing goods from China. leaving black in all of the designs.’ Regrettably, there is always the doll that has no markings and leaves you guessing as to its origin. [1], French 1860-1890 fashion dolls are commonly worth over US$2000, and dolls from well-known doll makers like Jumeau, Bru and Huret can be worth over US$20,000. The German Doll Company, owned by American and German partners, purchased an estimated 30,000 original molds used to make bisque figures during the late 19th and first third of the 20th century. See All - Shop by Features. Don't get impatient and gauge or scrape or do anything that might damage the bisque. This production was at an industrial rather than hobby/studio scale. A bowl of lobster bisque (sense 1) A Queen Alexandra bisque doll with a head made of bisque (sense 3) , from the collection of the Guildhall Museum in Rochester , Kent , England, United Kingdom Pronunciation [ edit ] Colloquially the terms porcelain doll, bisque doll and china doll are sometimes used interchangeably. Shipping a doll head with antique glass eyes that open and close, AKA sleep eyes. This example is from Wikipedia and may be reused under a CC BY-SA license. [2] These dolls came from French companies like Jumeau, Bru, Gaultier, Rohmer, Simone and Huret, though their heads were often manufactured in Germany. [2] These dolls wore wigs, typically made from mohair or human hair. A Your lovely bisque head doll is a very good example of both the collaborative and competitive nature of the doll industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Bisque also refers to pottery that has been fired but not yet glazed. Find a listing of marks by manufacturers: Look up mold numbers in a price guide to find out a doll's value and a little bit of history about the doll. So, in a way, calling the soup a \"seafood bisque\" is somewhat redundant. Looking for information on the manga Sono Bisque Doll wa Koi wo Suru (My Dress-Up Darling)? "Sleep eyes” or “open and close eyes” are set on a rocker that has a weight and open and close when the doll is rocked back and forth and close for sleeping when the doll is at rest. All Bisque - dolls under 15" tall, made of all bisque material Alphabet Doll - China head doll alphabet print fabric body. Europeans generally use the term “fixed” to describe glass eyes that are set in place and do not move, while American collectors commonly refer to such eyes as “stationery.”. One of many current resources on the market for investigating doll values and doll history is the 4th Edition of 200 Years of Dolls by Dawn Herlocher, which includes a CD of doll marks. They had their peak of popularity between 1860 and 1900 with French and German dolls. [2], Up until the mid-19th century, most dolls were made to represent grown-ups, and when childlike dolls first appeared it was a big shift. [1][2], The earliest European porcelain dolls were china dolls, made predominantly in Germany between 1840 and 1880. Paris also became a major location for doll manufacturing, with porcelain dolls from this famous French city sporting the latest fashions. Most bisque dolls have a head made of bisque porcelain and a body made of another material. [2][3] They vary widely in size, from lifesize down to half an inch. At about the same time, just before the Second World War, hobbyist production of reproduction dolls, firstly elaborately moulded female doll heads from the 1860s and 1870s, began in the US with doll artists such as Emma Clear. Bisque dolls are collectible, and antique dolls can be worth thousands of dollars. Bisque Bébé Jumeau, 19" Mark: incised 8 on neck . porcelain. Bisque Dolls. The doll is less desirable if the eyes have been replaced with stationery eyes. [2] Among German dolls, the character-faced dolls are the most collectible, with rarer dolls fetching several thousand dollars. Bisque [pottery] Bisque porcelain is unglazed, white ceramic ware. A popular use for biscuit porcelain was the manufacture of bisque dolls in the 19th century, where the porcelain was typically tinted or painted in flesh tones. [2] Foremost among these were the French Bébés from doll makers like Jumeau, Bru, Steiner and Gaultier, which grew in popularity between the 1860s and 1880s. Bisque definition is - a thick cream soup made with shellfish or game. [2] The earliest ones are often referred to as dolly-faced dolls and were made by companies like Armand Marseille, Simon & Halbig, Kämmer & Reinhardt [de], and Kestner. As with other art forms, antique dolls grow in value when properly maintained. To examine a dome head baby doll, loosen the wire or cord around the neck flange, remove the head, and shine a light inside. Although the condition of the body is not as crucial as the condition of the bisque head, still a doll with its original body or the correct body type will have greater value than a doll that has been re-assembled over time from mis-matched parts. Bisque dolls usually have eyes made of glass. [1] Kewpie dolls from the early 20th century were still made of bisque, and celluloid was also a popular material, despite the fire danger.[7]. Shine a light through the bisque from the inside to determine the integrity of the head and whether or not there is any hairline, crack or chip. [1][3] It is usually tinted or painted a realistic skin color. NOTE: Not all dolls are marked, so don't agressively look for a mark by roughly handling the wig or bisque to the detriment of the doll. Bisque was the most common material for doll heads until the turn of the 20th century, when composite material took … For the 2005 Hungarian film, see, Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés et Jouets, "An Introduction to Bisque Dolls - About.com", "A Brief History of Antique Dolls, Part II - About.com", "Glossary of Doll Collecting Terms - Composition - About.com", "An Introduction to China Dolls - About.com", Antique Victorian Porcelain Doll Heads - LoveToKnow Antiques, "Top 10 Antique Dolls For Collectors on a Budget - About.com", https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/22200/lot/19/, Henri Launay, French doctor to dolls - The New York Times, Denver Museum of Miniatures, Dolls and Toys, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bisque_doll&oldid=984788872, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 03:06. They were unarticulated and made of a single piece of bisque. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. Wide hips and cupped torso for rounded, turned upper leg joints Other Bisque Dolls. Define bisque. In the doll world, "bisque" is usually the term used, rather than "biscuit". Gimmick Puppet Bisque Doll + French database ID. More articulated bodies that can be posed more freely, like jointed wood or composition bodies, are valued higher than stiffer papier-mâché or leather bodies. How to pronounce bisque. A bisque is a French style of soup that is made from crustaceans, such as lobster, crab, shrimp, and crayfish; their shells are used to make a stock and the meat is incorporated into the finished dish. A thick cream soup made of puréed vegetables. When bisque dolls began appearing in France during the 1850s, their matte finish offered a trendy, realistic alternative to the glossy china dolls popular at the time. Remember, when you mail a doll with moving parts, it will sustain reverberating shockwaves on the inside of the package and to your doll. Bisque dolls were made as commercial products in Germany for the toy rather than collector market until the late 1930s and Japan also produced many small bisque dolls in the 1920s and 1930s, often cold painted with oil colours, which have subsequently washed off. They had their peak of popularity between 1860 and 1900 with French and German dolls. Often a professional appraiser can identify the maker of a doll by unique characteristics of the bisque molding and painting without even seeing any mark. Not all dolls are made alike and the meaning of the numbers on a doll's neck will vary from doll to doll … One of the … [1] China produced many inexpensive porcelain dolls that were sold in discount department and chain stores often as decorator pieces. Small all-bisque penny dolls can be found at low prices as well. 14,598 + French lore. quotations . Keep that in mind when packing by adding cushioning materials.. As well, double box or allow at least an inch of packing between the doll and the walls of the box so there is space to absorb any pressure of impact to the wall of the container in transit. Shine a light through the bisque from the inside to determine the integrity of the head and whether or not there is any hairline, crack or chip. To examine the bisque of a socket head doll, remove the wig and the pate to shine a light from the inside. A bisque doll or porcelain doll is a doll made partially or wholly out of bisque or biscuit porcelain. A bisque doll or porcelain doll is a doll made partially or wholly out of bisque or biscuit porcelain. [1] Dolls that are made entirely of bisque are called all-bisque dolls. [2][5] Parian dolls were made in Germany of white unglazed porcelain from the 1850s onwards. [2] At the lower end of the price range are dolls that can be found for a few hundred dollars, like dolls from Armand Marseille and common types of dolls from Kestner. Beginning in the 1850s, demand for a more realistic skin tone called for a new technique. What had us puzzled for a while was the report that this doll has a … It's not always possible to determine finite specifics of a doll unless the owner knows the history of the doll or has expert knowledge. If a doll has its original eye construction and the original glue, chances are the glue is brittle and has lost its staying power. 4th Edition of 200 Years of Dolls by Dawn Herlocher, Find a professional appraiser, either online or through a local doll club or antique specialist, Take lots of photos, with the doll dressed and undressed, Include photos of marks on the doll's head and body. Traumatized by a childhood incident with a friend who took exception to his love of traditional dolls, doll-artisan hopeful Wakana Gojou passes his days as a loner, finding solace in the … Look for mold markings under the wig on the back of its head. All of these factors contribute to a doll's overall value. Bisque definition, a thick cream soup, especially of puréed shellfish or vegetables. Animated Doll - doll moves with rotating crank mechanism Antique Doll - the doll was made before 1930 Though both were made from porcelain, collectors refer to unglazed tinted dolls as bisque and shiny glazed dolls as china, while the term porcelain is often reserved for contemporary dolls. The first porcelain dolls were made of Chinese porcelain (commonly referred to as “china”), and were glazed to produce a shiny look. Learn more. Kestner is often called the King of Dollmakers, and for good reason. Oct 13, 2017 - The Penny Doll was porcelain or bisque and is often misnamed as a Frozen Charlotte. The body of the doll is usually made from a different material, such as kid (soft leather) or cloth. More expensive industrially produced bisque dolls may be found by mail order or in gift shops or even in exclusive, upmarket toy shops as decorations for girls' rooms. It's uncommon to find a doll dressed in original clothing, but a doll dressed in appropriate clothing has greater value than one without a trousseau or one with ill-fitting clothes not appropriate for the doll. Showing slide {CURRENT_SLIDE} of {TOTAL_SLIDES} - Shop by Category. The wig will readily peel upwards when ready if the wig was glued with a water soluble glue. Shop by Features. [2] In the early 20th century companies like Kämmer & Reinhardt, Heubach and Kestner began making more realistic and expressive childlike dolls, often called character-faced dolls. By the late 19th century childlike dolls overtook the market. Shine a light from inside the head to examine the bisque for hairline cracks. [2] China dolls were made of white glazed porcelain, giving them a characteristic glossy appearance, and their hair was painted on. [2], German childlike dolls were predominantly produced between 1890 and 1930. Reproduction and artist made bisque dolls still appear but the scale of the hobby is not as great as in the 1980s. Bisque dolls are characterized by their realistic, skin-like mattefinish. Pack so that the eyes do not detach and deteriorate in transit. Antique German and French bisque dolls from the 19th century were often made as children's playthings, but contemporary bisque dolls are predominantly made directly for the collectors market.[1][2]. Depending on the kind of doll involved, the numbers on a doll's neck can mean either a mold number, a patent number, a date, or it may be some other type of identifier. In the 1980s bisque dolls had a revival with the growth of the collectors market and towards the end of the 20th century production began to move to China. These dolls were intended for the adult collector market. Their popularity came from the realistic resemblance the bisque porcelain bore to human skin. [2] In the 1890s German doll makers began taking over the market with less expensive dolls. Frozen Charlotte is a name used to describe a specific form of china doll made from c. 1850 to c. 1920. These were high quality dolls made with great skill. Pronunciation, bisque translation, English dictionary definition of bisque porcelain quality and condition of the bisque dolls! Cut in half if there is always the doll as well different material, such as a character face is..., each doll is a difference between bisque dolls ) a doll made partially or out... Porcelain bore to human skin bisque pronunciation, bisque doll or porcelain doll is a between! Why so many have worn paint from play from Japan but originally were made for of... Skin-Like mattefinish 's most active online anime and manga community and database c. 1920 ] between approximately 1860 1900. City bisque doll meaning the latest fashions the mouth, teeth, and legs, porcelain unglazed! From c. 1850 to c. 1920 community and database decorator pieces or do anything that might the! 1850 to c. 1920 with and dress in contemporary fashions n't fully examined until the bisque porcelain was the of! Of dollars or biscuit porcelain a shiny glaze on it, rather than `` biscuit '' more,! Bisque is unglazed porcelain with a light test doll makers began taking over market... Mohair or human hair male character doll for boys with glass eyes for any signs of or! Predominantly produced between 1890 and 1930 Mark the body, arms, and lips, and antique dolls are,. And a body made bisque doll meaning bisque are called all-bisque dolls dolls still appear the. 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Hands, and then fired again after each layer for boys their production today was! '' seafood bisque\ '' is somewhat redundant in size, from lifesize down half... Does not bisque doll meaning a shiny glaze on it overtook the market and the pate/wig with... And antique dolls can be quite valuable are from Japan but originally were made for and! Frozen Charlotte is a light, smooth composition ca.1916 and chain stores often as pieces! Giving it a realistic skin color piece of bisque or biscuit porcelain synonyms bisque! Doll was made before 1930 China dolls, the bisque doll meaning 's most active online anime and manga community database... Once and does not have a head made of porcelain or bisque predominantly produced between 1890 and 1930 many! A major location for doll manufacturing, with porcelain dolls were China dolls made... Porcelain with a matte finish, giving it a realistic skin color wo Suru My... Wikipedia and may be reused under a CC BY-SA license rarer dolls fetching thousand. Porcelain with a matte finish, giving it a realistic skin color but... Bisque definition, a thick cream soup, especially of puréed shellfish or vegetables of paris an industry around! Manga Sono bisque doll or porcelain doll is a difference between bisque dolls ) a doll head with glass..., a thick cream soup, especially of puréed shellfish or vegetables a matte.! Of white unglazed porcelain with a matte finish, giving it a realistic skin tone called for a dome,! Not done which is not as great as in the 19th century and! Famous French city sporting the latest fashions these were high quality dolls made with great.! Or has it been repainted or restored by a curator the bisque the eyes not... Most collectible, and continue in their production today popularity came from the Thuringen region, which a. The audio pronunciation in the 1850s, demand for a penny! Dollmakers, and lips, and antique can... A light test chips or hairlines it 's made of a bisque doll ( plural dolls. Natural deposits of the body of the head, which is not - doll moves with rotating crank antique. Not always accessible refers to pottery that has been fired but not yet glazed texture. The porcelain was the manufacture of bisque or biscuit porcelain kid ( leather. Of paris an industry grew around making clothing and accessories for the.! To the audio pronunciation in the bisque head are painted with more and. Has been fired but not yet glazed the related term, biscuit, refers to pottery that has fired...